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Mine 40


Eureka No. 40 Mine is located on the Pennsylvania Railroad, east of PA Rt. SR 56, north of Little Paint Creek, Scalp Level, (USGS 7 1/2 min. quad. map: Richland, PA   UTM:  17 E.683520  N.4457880)


Mine 40

The Berwind-White Coal Mining Company constructed the Eureka Mine 40 in 1905, its last mine built in the area. Of all the Berwind-White mines, this mine closed last, and therefore served as the site where the company tested and showcased new techniques in mining efficiency. At its peak in 1913, Eureka Mine 40 produced just under 800,000 tons of coal annually.


Miner's housing at Scalp Level features about 100 two-story, wood frame duplexes arranged on a four street by street grid. A company owned store and school also operated at Scalp Level.


The ECHF envisions a number of projects for the Mine 40 area.  One possibility is an in-mine experience for visitors to give them a sense of what a mine is like and the feelings miners might have had as they entered the portal. The exhibit would include several items of coal mining machinery and equipment.  Walking tours that would include many of the buildings involved in processing coal after mining would be included.


Converting the former Mine 40 power plant into a museum/folklife center in another possiblity.  Mining artifacts and photographs could be exhibited.  Local residents, including former miners, could tell their tales of living in a coal company town, prepare and sell ethnic foods and local craft items.


ECHF also considered developing a rail shuttle between Windber and the Mine 40 facilities.  Besides helping to control traffic congestion at either end, the ride itself could greatly enhance the appeal of exploring the cultural heritage of both sites.